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Book
ISBN- 81-7041-068-1

CLIMAX OF HISTORY
R.C. MOWAT
Our world is on the edge of catastrophe-a fact that stares everyone in the face. We probably think of the catastrophe in terms of nuclear was but there are other catastrophes which affect large numbers of people-catastrophes such as revolution, the coming of police regime, mass transportations; there are wars, famines and epidemics in Africa and Asia and the shadow of slump and unemployment in Europe. We have been born into a painful age. We are ever hoping that we will somehow escape it. But if we have to live with catastrophe round the corner we must come to some arrangement with it. To live with it, we must face it, not try to evade it. It has always been a challenge to change all down the ages. Egypt, Sumeria, Ancient China, Greece, Rome and many others have been torn apart by wars and class-wars, have weighed themselves down by powerful bureaucratic organizations and costly defence forces, and have in time tottered to decline and collapse. In our case, the fate of not merely one civilization is at stake but that of civilizations the world over. Each type of society, In its early stages, appears as a simple close-knit organism, but as it develops it becomes more complex. Division of labour and differentiation of function tend to class-division and cleavage leading to conflicts. Today the masses are demanding far more than outmoded ideologies of nationalism and liberalism could give. They have been demanding nothing less than a radical revolution of the entire social order. Socialism and communism are the expression of this demand for a new social order. Three alternatives confront us. We may be overwhelmed by another World War knocking out our civilization by destroying the industrial centres, making them uninhabitable for many years. Or we may be taken over by a world totalitarian dictatorship. Or we may help to build an entirely new order of society, which may be as far beyond civilisation as civilization is beyond primitive tribalism. The third way is the only way of change and hope. The future lies with organised movements, which stand for an ideology of social change. The author sees in the oxford group the nucleus of a world force with a Christian ideology, which bids fair to outrival the others. The author is gripped by the simple philosophy of 'New Men, new nations and a new world'. He feels that movements of inspired democracy in the past have brought new elements to civilisation, besides producing a fine flowering of the human spirit in the cultural realm. Moral Rearmament promises to outmode civilization by bringing nearer the next stage of society. The book will provoke serious study and deep thinking.
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Book
ISBN- 81-261-0110-5

HISTORY OF MODERN WORLD
S.P. NANDA`
The book offers a comprehensive profile of Modern World History from 1919-1980. Obviously the rise of nationalism and the concept of racial supremacy gave rise to unprecedented problems in human relations and world peace, culminating in two world wars with in a short span of tow decades. With the backdrop, this book begins with a conference met at Paris and the consequent formation of the league of Nations to assuage international hostilities and to counter disquietitude with attempts to avoid colossal wars. But hopes of a secured world received many setbacks with the emergence of Fascist dictators in Italy, Germany, Japan, Spain, detriment to Paris Peace Accord. Hitler's declaration of war against Poland in 1939 was quite imminent of a cause for a second world war. The post-war years witnessed further threats of turmoil with the division of Germany, Indo-China crisis, Arab-Israel conflict and thrift in the Sino-Soviet Relations. The stage was prepared in the political and diplomatic arena for the tremors of a cold war fever cropping up form ideological and diplomatic issues. The shadow of a nuclear threat divided the world into two power blocs. Each tried to supersede the other. To assuage the ire, diplomatic negotiations began for arms control, disarmament, and the process of détente. A simultaneous Afro-Asian resurgence let to the emergence of a "Third Bloc" in the UNO that served eventually a determining factor in world politics. Out of the twenty-two chapters which deal with the details of the events leading to the aforesaid political developments, the last one specifically deals with India, the land of the Buddha, Ashok, Akbar and Gandhi whose faith conclusively get reflected in India's non-alignment movement. This book will be of immense value of the University students and the examinees of the various competitive examinations and in fact to all those who have an interest in the 20th century historical developments.
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Book
ISBN- 81-261-0408-2

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF MODERN INDIA
S.P. NANDA
This book offers a comprehensive profile of the socio-economic history of modern India from 1757-1947. It is an attempt at giving a simplified and balanced account of the complex events, which marked the period under review. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, India maintained a favourable balance of trade, and had a stable economy. Self-sufficient agriculture, flourishing trade and rich handicraft industries, which were some of the main features of Indian economy. During the last half of the 18th century, India was conquered by a trading corporation, the English East India Company. Along with the consolidation of British political hegemony in India, there followed, the colonization of its economy. Further, the British rule also dealt a fatal blow to the peculiar feudal framework, which provided the matrix for the Indian society for a millennium. The British conquest led to the de-industrialization of the country and increased dependence of people on agriculture. The land system of the British ruined the peasantry, and agriculture declined steadily. It was responsible for the economic backwardness of colonial India. No doubt, the establishment of modern industries gave rise to the working class in India, but the harsh conditions in which they had to work led to steady growth of proletarian movement. Similarly the modern means of communication were established mainly to serve the interests of England in India. During the British Raj, though the volume of trade increased, the balance of payment was not at all favourable for India. The last six chapters of the book deal with the society, caste structure, western intellectual and ideological influence, socio-religious reform movements, education, social mobility etc. The transformation that came-about was limited in nature. Process of social mobility has been at work in the modern periods. At the same time we witnessed the growing assertion of the lower castes against the higher castes in the political and economic domains. This book is designed primarily to meet the needs of the students and examinees offering social and economic history of modern India as subjects for various universities and competitive examinations.
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Book
ISBN- 81-261-0692-1

HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE AND THE WORLD
S.P. NANDA
The purpose of this book is the presentation of the History of Modern Europe and the World since the outbreak of the French revolution. The theme of this book is the relations of the great powers of Europe to one another. The French revolution inaugurated a new epoch in the history of the human race and it gave a deathblow to feudalism. Napoleon's astonishing rise to power, the vast scale of his achievements, which appealed alike to the imagination of posterity. The peace settlement that emerged from the congress of Vienna failed to satisfy the national sentiments. Metternich, the hero of the Vienna congress tried his best to put the clock back, but he was swept away by the wave of popular movement. The revolution of 1830 and 1848 had a deep impact throughout the continent, but it could not create either a united Italy or United Germany. The little Napoleon (Napoleon III) intended to be the hero of the drama, but he was a misfit. After 1848, Czarist Russia became the main prop of the political status quo in central Europe. Russia was defeated on its own group in Crimea. This demonstration of an unexpected weakness in the Czarist autocracy allowed two daring political gamblers, Cavour of Sardinia and Bismarck of Prussia, to unite Italy and Germany around their respective monarchs between 1859 and 1871. In an "Era of Armed Peace." Bismarck played the role of Juggler. But the accession of Kaiser William II changed the course of events and the world plunged into a catastrophic end (The First World War). The old states of Europe dominated the scene throughout the 19th century and now (20th century) they were pushed back into oblivion. In 1917 the Communist revolution in Russia and the proclamation of a rival American remedy-"National self-determination"-brought powerful new political ideologies to the fore. Both the USA and USSR deliberately withdrew from world affairs in the 1920's, until new upheavals, centering in Germany and Japan, provoked World War II and a massive reassertion of Russia and American power. Since 1945 these two super powers continued to dominate the world's political and military scene. In an age of conflict, a rising star in the Eastern horizon, India spread a new mantra- Panchsheel-a panacea for diseases like colonialism, imperialism, racism, etc. The present book will be of Immense help to the students, examinees of the various competitive examinations and it will also be attractive to those readers who seek a clear understanding of this period.
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